DIET DURING DIARRHEA
Diarrhea is a condition that involves the frequent passing of loose or watery stools-it is the opposite of constipation and can have many causes, which may be infectious or non-infectious.
Symptoms of Diarrhea:
* The symptoms of Diarrhea include:
* Frequent loose, watery stools
* Abdominal cramps
* Abdominal pain
* Lightheadedness or dizziness from dehydration
Causes of Diarrhea:
The most common causes of diarrhea include:
Other causes include medications, such as antibiotics that disturb the natural balance of the bacteria in your intestines, artificial sweeteners and lactose, which is a sugar found in milk.
Diarrhea that persists for more than a couple of days is considered chronic and may be a sign of an underlying condition, such as inflammatory bowel disease or an infection. In these cases, diarrhea may lead to dehydration and requires the care of your doctor. Dehydration occurs when the body has lost too much fluid and electrolytes — the salts potassium and sodium. The fluid and electrolytes lost during diarrhea need to be replaced promptly because the body cannot function properly without them.
Dietary guidelines for the treatment of Diarrhea
Foods to be avoided
1. All spicy and sugary foods as spicy foods irritate the GI tract thus aggravating the symptoms of Diarrhea.
2. Fried and fatty foods as they intensify the gas formation.
3. Gas forming foods- beans, onions.
1.Banana is very good in case of loose motions. It is a bland and gets easily digested. It is also rich in potassium and thus helps in replacing electrolytes that may be lost by severe bouts of diarrhea. Bananas are also rich in pectin, a soluble fibre that helps to absorb liquid in the intestines and thus move stool along smoothly.
1.Yogurt is recommended for Diarrhea cases as it contains live or active cultures, or more specifically Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum. These active cultures are probiotics and they appear to help to establish a healthier balance of bacteria in the digestive tract.
Low fibre carbohydrates like White Rice and Mashed Potatoes:
These starches get easily digested due to their low fibre content.
Like bananas, apples are also a good source of pectin. However, the high fibre in raw apples makes them too rough for an irritated intestinal system. Cooking the apples or stewing them makes them easier on your system to digest, thus allowing you to benefit from the pectin, sugar and other nutrients that lie within.
White Toast and Crackers:
When your intestines are acting normally, it is important to eat whole-grain products. When you are experiencing acute diarrhea, however, it is better to turn to processed wheat foods. The removal of the outer husk of the grains in these foods results in easier digestion. As an added bonus, the salt (sodium) in crackers will be beneficial in terms of restoring the electrolyte balance.
Steamed Chicken and eggs:
Due to its bland nature, steamed white meat chicken is an easily digested source of protein, thus providing a fairly safe way to get some nutrients into your body. Butter and oils are very hard on a delicate system, so avoid deep-fried or sautéed preparations.
Two specific teas in particular are especially good for relief in a diarrhea episode: peppermint and chamomile.
Peppermint has a soothing effect on the gastrointestinal system. It is thought to calm and relax the muscles along the intestinal tract, thus reducing spasms. Peppermint also seems to be effective in reducing intestinal gas.
Chamomile is a flowering herb. Chamomile tea appears to be effective in reducing intestinal inflammation and calming intestinal spasms.