DIET DURING ADOLESCENCE
During adolescence, the influences on eating habits are numerous. The growing independence of adolescents, increases participation in social life and a generally busy schedule of activities has a great impact on food intake.
Breakfast is frequently neglected and omitted more often by teenagers. For teenage girls, beauty and looks become priority and diet takes the back seat. Skipping lunch is generally taken to be a way of controlling weight. Diets are likely to be bizarre and unbalanced. The concern about the size and shape of the body of the body, sexual development, vitality, skin condition and attractiveness are great and there is a sense of freedom to make their own decisions which is reflected in the choice of foods. Unhealthy snacking in between the meals is common.
Teenagers particularly get influenced by advertising messages related. Most of such foods are rich in energy but lacking in other essential nutrients. Ease of getting readymade foods at fast foods outlets and food stores makes adolescents eat out more often resulting in cases of overweight and obesity.
It is important to meet the nutritional needs at this age so as to pave the way for a healthy adulthood.
Dietary guidelines during adolescence
A healthy diet for adolescents should include different kinds of foods from all the food groups.
* Meals should have enough protein (such as meat, beans and nuts) to promote growth. Include 3-4 servings of meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts.
* There should be six to eleven servings of carbohydrates (cereals, rice, pasta) each day.
* Include 3-5 servings of vegetable in the diet.
* Include 2-4 servings of fruit each day.
* Include 3 servings of milk and milk products each day.