INTERNATIONAL THALASSAEMIA DAY, 8th May 2014 | Diet Mantra

INTERNATIONAL THALASSAEMIA DAY, 8th May 2014

INTERNATIONAL THALASSAEMIA DAY, 8th May 2014

Posted at May 8, 2014 | By : | Categories : Blog | 0 Comment
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On International Thalassaemia Day, Diet Mantra shares with you facts about THALASSEMIA.

3 crores Indians are affected by thalassemia gene.

Thalassaemia major is a disorder of the blood. More specifically, a disorder of the haemoglobin molecule inside the red blood cells.

Thalassaemia is an inherited genetic disease, passed on from parents to children through the genes. It is not an infectious disease.

Carriers of thalassaemia are perfectly healthy individuals. The risk of giving birth to a child affected with thalassaemia is 25% when both parents are carriers and 0% when only one parent is a carrier.

β-thalassaemia major is today preventable and treatable. It is treated with regular blood transfusions and iron.

Non-transfused thalassemia intermedia patients are encouraged to avoid high-iron and iron-supplemented foods, and encouraged to drink tea with meals, which decreases iron absorption.

Low Iron Diet for the Chronically-Transfused Patient: Regular blood transfusions can lead to iron overload in the body. Extra iron from chronic transfusions is stored in the liver. Once the liver stores are full, the iron begins to accumulate in places like the heart and pituitary, where it can do damage.

Foods to Avoid for the Chronically-Transfused Patient

Very high iron sources are found in the following foods; they should be avoided or eliminated from the diet:

Proteins that should be avoided or eliminated from the diet: oysters, liver, pork, beans, beef, peanut butter, tofu

Grains that should be avoided or eliminated from the diet: flour tortillas, infant cereal, cream of wheat, Malt-O-Meal, cereals, such as Most, Product 19, Total, Kix, All Bran, Life, Raisin Bran, Special K, 100% Bran, Rice Chex, Rice Krispies, Cornflakes, Wheaties

Fruits/Vegetables that should be avoided or eliminated from the diet: prune juice, prunes, watermelon, spinach, leafy green vegetables, dates, raisins, broccoli, peas, Fava beans

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