Polycystic ovary syndrome | Diet Mantra


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women, affecting an estimated 5–10% in those of reproductive age. It happens when cysts develop outside of the ovary, often described as having the appearance of a string of pearls.


  • Irregular or absent periods
  • Infertility
  • Obesity or being overweight, especially with excess fat around your waist
  • Excess facial and body hair
  • Loss of hair on top of your head
  • Acne



Although the exact cause is still not known but it is believed the leading cause of PCOS could be insulin resistance. Women with PCOS are often found to have a malfunction of insulin production, formation, or action. Too much insulin signals the ovaries to release higher-than-normal levels of androgens. Elevated insulin levels are unhealthy and may eventually increase your risk not only for infertility but also for diabetes, certain cancers, and heart disease.
Being overweight can also make insulin resistance worse, and this is why weight loss  is very important.

Lifestyle guidelines for PCOS:

  • Maintain your body weight: A weight loss of 5%of total body weight is found to be beneficial as it may help get your hormones in balance and regulate your menstrual cycle.
  • Eat a balanced diet: Your diet should have lots of vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, and whole grains. Limit foods that are high in saturated fat, such as meats, cheeses, and fried foods. If you have blood sugar problems, try to eat about the same amount of carbohydrate at each meal. An experienced Dietitian can make the best diet plan for you.
  • Follow an exercise regime on a regular basis: Walking is a great exercise that most people can do.
  • Avoid stress and anxiety
  • Quit smoking: Women who smoke have higher androgen levels that may contribute to PCOS symptoms. Smoking also increases the risk for heart disease.